Interestingly there are multiple hierarchies. The apex one is economic; the haves and have nots. With that in mind, how often do race or gender fall into the economic one? That is the most often mentioned fundamental issue.
For the bully who can’t be at the top of the economic pyramid there is another. A lady I worked with described it as “Can I take him?” (kick his ass) for males and “Can I take her man?” for females. This can play out as ego saving fantasies in their minds or in real life. Dolly Parton’s “Jolene” is a classic example.